A firewalld helper defines the configuration that are needed to be able to use a netfilter connection tracking helper if automatic helper assignment is turned off, which is then the secure use of connection tracking helpers.
This can be achieved wither with the kernel default setting for
nf_conntrack_helper, a sysctl setting of
net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_helper or with the
AutomaticHelpers setting in the
A firewalld helper can be a list of local ports, a kernel module and a fmaily definition.
Here is more information about helpers:
Further helper configuration options and generic information about helpers are also described in the firewalld.helper man page.